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Cold weather tips from the Red Cross

Published 11:25 am, Friday, January 3, 2014
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Following the first snowstorm of the year, frigid temperatures will affect Connecticut in the coming days. The American Red Cross reminds people to take precautions against the cold.

"While the cold forecast for us will be short in duration this time, it is the first arctic blast of the season and it will be extremely cold," said Red Cross spokesman Paul Shipman. "It's good to reacquaint yourself with some cold weather tips to get you through the season safely."

Protect yourself from freezing temperatures

Avoid unnecessary exposure to the cold. Be aware of both the temperature and the wind chill when planning outdoor activities. When you prepare to go outside in severe cold weather, remember the following:

Most of your body heat is lost through your head so wear a hat, preferably one that covers your ears.

Dressing in layers helps you retain heat. You can remove layers as needed if you become too warm.

Mittens provide more warmth to your hands than gloves.

Wear waterproof, insulated boots to help avoid hypothermia or frostbite by keeping your feet warm and dry and to maintain your footing in ice and snow.

Get out of wet clothes immediately and warm the core body temperature with a blanket or warm fluids like hot cider or soup. Avoid drinking caffeine or alcohol if you expect you or someone you are trying to help has hypothermia or frostbite.

Recognize the symptoms of hypothermia that can be a serious medical condition: confusion; dizziness; exhaustion; and severe shivering. Seek medical attention immediately if you have these symptoms.

Recognize frostbite warning signs: gray, white or yellow skin discoloration; numbness, waxy feeling skin. Seek medical attention immediately if you have these symptoms.

Heat your home safely

As families turn to alternative heating sources out of necessity or to avoid the rising cost of fuel, they should take the following precautions:

Do not use candles for lighting if the power goes out. Use flashlights only.

Use caution with portable space heaters. Heating equipment is the leading cause of home fires during the winter months, according to the National Fire Prevention Association. About two-thirds of home heating fire deaths are caused by portable or fixed space heaters.

To prevent fire, place space heaters at least 3 feet away from anything combustible, including wallpaper, bedding, clothing, pets and people.

Never leave space heaters operating when you are not in the room or when you go to bed. Don't leave children or pets unattended near space heaters.

Drying wet mittens or other clothing over space heaters is a fire hazard.

Make sure smoke alarms are working properly and replace batteries as necessary.

If you use a portable generator during a power outage, always operate the generator outdoors-never inside, including the basement or garage. Do not connect a generator directly to your home's wiring -- leave that work to a professional electrician and buy a generator designed for that purpose. The safest thing to do is to connect the equipment you want to power directly to the outlets on the generator. Connecting a cord from the generator to a point on the permanent wiring system and back-feeding power to your home is an unsafe method to supply a building with power.

Don't overload your electrical outlets. Be careful of extension cords that present hazardous walkways.

Have your chimney connections and flues inspected by a professional and cleaned if necessary prior to the start of every heating season.

Use a sturdy fireplace screen when burning fires. Burn only wood -- never burn paper or pine boughs.

Create a disaster supplies kit -- Get together lifesaving items in both your home and vehicle. Visit www.redcross.org/prepare for more information on disaster preparedness.

Prevent frozen pipes

Many homeowners may not be ready for frigid weather either. Now is the time to protect your house pipes from freezing and bursting. With the cold weather upon us, preventive action may make all the difference.

Keep garage doors closed if there are water supply lines in the garage or in walls adjacent to the garage.

Open kitchen and bathroom cabinet doors to allow warmer air to circulate around the plumbing. Be sure to move any harmful cleaners and household chemicals up out of the reach of children.

When the temperature is very low outside, let the cold water drip from faucets served by exposed pipes or pipes in exterior walls. Running water through the pipe -- even at a trickle -- helps prevent pipes from freezing because the temperature of the water running through it is above freezing.

Keep the thermostat set to the same temperature both during the day and at night. By temporarily suspending the use of lower nighttime temperatures, you may incur a higher heating bill, but you can prevent a much more costly repair job if pipes freeze and burst.

If you will be going away during cold weather, leave the heat on in your home, set to a temperature no lower than 55 degrees.

Visit www.redcross.org/prepare for more information on preparing for cold weather.